When I first began to read the theories of Genre I was automatically confused. Trying to wrap your head around something that’s not stated black and white but that is so abstract, can be very difficult. Genre does have a set definition but not in this context; it was a struggle to wrap my head around the concept. I still do not fully understand what I read or how genre works in a lot of ways. Pare and Smart spoke about genre’s being more than just forms and that there are many observable aspects of genre, yet that doesn’t make it a genre. “Repeated patterns in the structure, rhetorical moves, and style of texts are the most readily observable aspects of  genre” 

The idea of genre as a whole boggles my brain, thus I will need to do more research to get a better understanding.

Something that I did understand is when Dean talked about the situated portion of genre. How genre changes depending on the context of the situation such as the analogy with the piece of paper on the parked car. This part of the reading I found easier to grasp amongst the others like Rhetorical.


Public Enemy


I am the bad guy

The one you blame for your problems

I am the common denominator

The scapegoat

Frenemies with treacherous grins envelop my spirits

I am the bad guy

The one you tag a label on

I am the evil villain

The Grinch

My soul has been declared a black pit

I am the bad guy

The one who owns all the blame

I am the murderer of your reputation

The antagonist

Tell your stories to those who wish to plot too

I am the bad guy

The demented demon which wrecks your lives

I am

The devil

What happens when you have no one else to pin this on?

Will you take ownership then?

Will you apologize for all your sinful acts against others?

There is a glimmer of hope, that disperses

I know who you are

live in the same building but we got different views

The communities that we live in shape our thinking in many ways without us even noticing. People commonly write about their opinions or personal predilections but the society that surrounds us is a big factor on the voices we project to state those views. This is true in morality and ethics as well, socialization affect our sentiments on topics; issues that arise that are being spoken on are problems that occur within the community or society as whole. Therefore, you are no longer just speaking for yourself anymore but everyone that lives in that community too. Harris and Bartholomae struck this argument in regards to discourse being both communal but private.

In a community, there are going to be issues that need to be discussed and only members of that community can relate to one another on the specific topic. An example of that is food deserts within urban areas or ghettos: food deserts are where there are no sources of fresh veggies, meat, and fruit for a certain amount of distance. This is a communal problem in many places but the people in these communities that are suffering are the ones who can share this situation. If a writer were to come along to draw attention to the concern, he would not only be speaking for himself but those in that community too. These thoughts are not privatized but now a common thought amongst all these inhabitants in communal sense. Lingo becomes another important portion of this discussion because that is also a shared quality of a discourse community; the certain lexis used shows that the writing could be meant for those members of local groups.

The problem lies where the overlapping happens because people are not just members of one community, usually they coexist in other communities as well. When speaking, they aren’t just speaking for that one community anymore but every single community they’re apart of is represented through this text. Again the problem is that each of these discourse communities have their own concerns and beliefs thus red tape becomes the issue. Whenever you speak, you’re combining several ways of thinking that you adopted throughout your time in several of these discourse communities.

The idea that you belong to several discourse communities whether it’s an academic setting or some other type is enforced by Harris and Bartholomae but the specificity is of the idea is a bit harsher when it’s defined by Swales. Although you can write a piece outside the classroom setting, you’re still in some way using an academic style of writing that you learned. Barthes, Harris, Bartholomae, and Swales have very similarly composed ideals of what a discourse community is but Swales defines his and emphasizes the six characteristics which make a discourse community.


Ohana now means community

This semester I have been so focused on getting acclimated into life at UNCC that I have not actually taken any time to join any clubs or alternate communities. Discourse communities are defined as a group of communicators with a common goal or interest that adopts certain preferred ways of participating in public discussion. Thank Dictionary.com for the definition! Usually being in these discourse communities require a specific level of  knowledge or experience.

In high school I was a member of the International Thespian Society which was for those who had a lot of expertise in the drama area of study. I had taken drama for 2 years and done a number of shows so I was quite educated in this field. In the drama “world” there are implied rules such as never say the name MacBeth in an auditorium but there were always formal rules like do not chew gum while on stage. The goals of the ITS have remained the same throughout the years: to give honor students a place to perform and show their excellence. There were several forms of communication which ranged from group chats to newsletter which informed you of the shows that were coming up. We also had to pay a fee in order to become a member to ensure that funds were not being depleted and we had enough to purchase costumes for performances. Our expectations were to show up to class or performances and give it your all, nothing should be “half-assed”. The theater community also has it’s own lingo that comes with the territory; many people who have not taken a theater class do not know what I am referring to. There are times where you will hear someone say use improve in a show because you have forgotten lines or stuff of that sort. In both of my drama classes, there were people who had never done a play but there were also veterans who had done outside work too. There remained a healthy balance between rookies and pros.

Another discourse community that I am currently apart of is the Liberal Arts and Sciences learning community. Whenever I signed up for my Fall semester classes I chose to be in a learning community and also live with people who were members of it too. People do not realize how much less stressful it is to be amongst people who are all taking the same classes as you thus makes you accessible to more resources. That is the primary goal of the leaning community and it also places us automatically in classes that we must take in order to get fully into our majors. Communication is usually face to face or through email if you are not available to meet with that person. The teachers that are chosen for these learning communities usually give feedback through the means of Moodle and provide upcoming dates that are posted around Lynch hall as well. The genres that are present in this community are strictly Liberal Arts/Studies and sciences. Many of the people in my community major in sciences such as chemistry, pre-kinesiology, or bio. We all seem to speak the same lingo when it comes to classes or events that we are mandated for us such as our 8:00 am LBST 2101 class.

Double Standards Strike Continuously

It is my understanding that whenever there are two gay males seen showing any type of PDA, public display of affection, they are criticized for their carelessness. If the same people noticed two lesbian women kissing in public, the reaction would be more accepting in society than the reaction to the scene of two males kissing. Generally speaking, heterosexual males are less tolerant of the gay community than heterosexual women are. I have wondered why and how this double standard has arisen throughout history and what factors have contributed to this or social standard. Society praises the intimate interaction between two females especially in communities within younger age groups whereas gay men, teens, are shamed for their sexual preferences.

Often times, gay males are the victims of hate crimes, seen more frequently in southern states because of religious predilections and because it is not seen as a separate crime; such as the states like North Carolina. In the state of North Carolina, there is no state code for the provision of gay hate crimes thus the lack of legislation permits the activity of gay bashing. The double standard is seen in the number of crimes against Lesbians/Bisexuals in comparison with those of gay males. Statistics have shown that out of the 19.3% of hate crimes homosexually-motivated, only 11.8% of those crimes were of women while 57.3% men were targeted (queerty.com); these statistics are in accordance with the FBI’s databases. Another study shows that 4 in 10 gay men are targeted for gay hate crimes but only 1out of 8 lesbians/bisexuals are targeted; the study was done by the University of California (southernstudies.org). In these studies there are vast differences in the percentages of crimes thus showing a trend of more acceptance of lesbians/bisexuals.

The cause of these correlations are being questioned throughout several pro-gay communities and forums because the stigmatizing of anyone is wrong but why target gay males? This leads me to inquiries of my own and one I ran across is the idea of male masculinity. Men are seen throughout history as figures of strength, especially in decades of patriarchy prevalence; women have characteristics of femininity. Many cannot understand that being gay is not a choice of lifestyle but a way that you were born so they think that by bashing/targeting members of the LGBST community will change them. The socialization of males that has been ongoing in society is that you’re supposed to reproduce with a woman and raise a family where you are the sole provider. Men are brought up with the intent of being tough creatures thus eliciting more hate towards gay males than lesbians. Also, something else this leads me to inquire about is the comfort zone that people have around gay males versus homosexual females.

Are people more comfortable with seeing two females caught in an intimate affair? Does gay bashing of males stem from a long history of ostracizing them in society or has it gotten worse with the time period?

These two questions should spark some interest in communities where homosexuality is accepted but I really would like for it to reach places that it is problem, more southern communities. My sole purpose for this paper and my inquiries are to advocate for the issue of double standards within acceptance of the LBGST populations. One day I hope that hate crimes because of sexual orientation is no longer an issue for the reason that I have several friends that who are gay.

bush me under the bus

In the Elements of Literacy reading, the author tells us about the No Child Left Behind Act that President Bush enforced during his administration. Then he goes on a tangent about how President Bush chooses to enact a law where he addresses teachers as thought they cannot teach. President Bush made a comment that suggested teachers need to properly teach reading teachers the way of teaching in order to ensure that classes are learning and that teachers are not having to be retrained. It amazes me that the president did not even try to share a portion of the blame, but instead he shifted the problems of literacy solely on the teachers. He continues to say that children should be ale to comprehend literature that is decided by the teachers but does not give teachers proper resources to even teach. I’m not sure that he is not understanding because he has not been in the educational system every day to see the problems within the structure of the system. Flaws within the system are the responsibility of the teacher as opposed to the duty of America’s education system or government. All of America, including myself, knows that the educational system is not as strong so why even enact pieces of legislation putting everyone on the same pedestal? Does he even worry about the results or is he sweeping this literacy under the rug?

Literacy is not just if you can read and write, as the general definition says. Literacy can be a abstract idea to interpret; i often see people trying to strictly define it to the book definition. Although I’ve never had an opinion on literacy because it is something that has been drilled into me since birth. As soon as you get into the educational system, whether in pre-K/headstart or kindergarden, you are socialized in a way that literacy is important. The truth is: you can be literate without knowing how to read of write. Literacy takes all different forms and fields; for example, someone such as Kanye may not be literate in dance culture but in the music and fashion industry, he has a lot of knowledge thus making him literate in those fields. America wants to stunt the growth of advancement of students in other fields by putting a label on what is literate. I find it funny that people have to have a GED/high school diploma, in some places, to work as a dishwasher. How absurd it that?

Fundamentals of Inquiry


  • Inquiry, officially, is the act of asking for information or an investigation which we do through the process of questioning. Questions can be broad and for many of them, there is no definite answer but instead an infinite amount of solutions can be found to these inquiries.
  • Exploration of these inquiries could take paths that lead to larger discussion, and more often than not, to much broader questions that may be circulating. Inquiry just opens up to more discussion on the subject matter because once the question is asked, there are endless possibilities.


  • . By definition, Inquiry-Based learning is the process through questions that generate from the interests, curiosities, and perspectives/experiences of the learner.


  • The technique of inquiry based learning is commonly found in fields of science and history. Chemistry poses many questions about the understanding of how things work such as solutions while history continuously uses questions to also come to a much deeper understanding of what has happened previously.


  • Almost every single field of study uses IBL as a learning style but there are a few out there who disagree with the style. Criticisms of the usage of IBL question in which ways its usage is most effective in guiding students throughout their learning experience and process. This technique pushes students to find their own answers to questions which can cause great difficulty.